By Matt Waters
The Achaemenid Persian Empire, at its maximum territorial volume lower than Darius I (r. 522-486 BCE), held sway over territory stretching from the Indus River Valley to southeastern Europe and from the western Himalayas to northeast Africa. during this ebook, Matt Waters supplies a close historic evaluate of the Achaemenid interval whereas contemplating the manifold interpretive difficulties historians face in developing and figuring out its background. This publication bargains a Persian viewpoint even if counting on Greek textual assets and archaeological proof. Waters situates the tale of the Achaemenid Persians within the context in their predecessors within the mid-first millennium BCE and during their successors after the Macedonian conquest, developing a compelling narrative of the way the empire retained its power for greater than 2 hundred years (c. 550-330 BCE) and left a tremendous imprint on center jap in addition to Greek and ecu heritage.
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Additional info for Ancient Persia: A Concise History of the Achaemenid Empire, 550-330 BCE
For he caused that the river, which before had flowed on the left hand of the army, should flow upon the right hand. 1 And this he did by digging a deep ditch into which the river was turned before it came to the place where the army was encamped; and this, being made of the shape of a crescent, was carried in the rear of the army, and so was brought again into the river. Thus was the stream of the Halys divided between the river and the ditch; and being divided it could easily be crossed. Some stories say that the river was wholly dried up, all the water flowing into the ditch.
Then Solon made answer, "O Crœsus, thou askest me about mortal life to say whether it be happy or no, but I know that the Gods are jealous and apt to bring trouble upon men. I know also that if a man's years be prolonged he shall see many things that he would fain not see, aye, and suffer many things also. Now I reckon that the years of a man's life are threescore and ten, and that in these years there are twenty and five thousand days and two hundred. For this is the number, if a man reckon not the intercalated month.
Nor was it a man that did this, but the god of the Greeks, who encouraged me to make war against thee. For surely no man is so foolish that of his own will he should choose war instead of peace; for in peace the children bury their fathers, but in war the fathers bury their children. " CRŒSUS ON THE FUNERAL PILE. When he had said these things Cyrus bade them loose his chains, and put him near to himself, and marvelled when he regarded him, both he and the Persians that were with him. And Crœsus said nothing, thinking about many things.
Ancient Persia: A Concise History of the Achaemenid Empire, 550-330 BCE by Matt Waters