By Gianluca Carnabuci
Why do yes domain names of human wisdom increase speedier than others? This thesis units out to reply to this question through elaborating upon the thought that new rules spring from hybridizations of current rules. over the years, such hybridizations shape a path-dependent community constitution of interconnected and interconnecting wisdom domain names. This thesis develops a network-analytic method of version this constitution and to enquire its results. in response to all technological wisdom patented within the usa among 1975 and 1999, this thesis demonstrates that the community place an information area is embedded in at a given cut-off date impacts its next development customers in vital and predictable methods.
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5, which expresses the same figures as shares of total patents granted. The area of Computers & Communications appears to have risen most steeply, producing well over 15% of all patents in the late 1990s from a share of roughly 6% in 1975. Similarly, patents in the area of Drugs & Medical and, to a lesser degree, those in the field of Electric & Electronics became relatively more numerous. In contrast, the areas of Chemical, Mechanical and Others declined from roughly 74% of the total in 1975 to 51% in 1999.
While the citations a patent makes indicate the hybridization it springs from, the citations a patent receives indicate its contribution to subsequent knowledge development. In this section, I describe some key patterns of patent citation in the NBER dataset. II. I. 6 shows the mean number of citations made and received over time. The number of citations made rose from an average of about 5 citations per patent in 1975, to about 9 at the end of the observation period. The decline in the average number of citations received per patent in recent years is a result of data truncation: patents applied for later have lower chances to be cited within the observation period.
6 Obviously, the economic value of a patent may be – and typically is – correlated Patent-based indicators and the analysis of knowledge growth 25 IV. S. Patent and Trademark Office has developed an articulated system of classification (the United States Patent Classification, henceforth USPC), so that every patent can be identified by the technical content of its subject matter. As of 1999, the system consists of 418 domains of technological knowledge, or primary classes, and over 100,000 subclasses.
A Theory of Knowledge Growth by Gianluca Carnabuci