By Eric D. Weitz
Why did the 20 th century witness unparalleled geared up genocide? will we study why genocide is perpetrated through evaluating diverse instances of genocide? Is the Holocaust particular, or does it proportion explanations and lines with different instances of state-sponsored mass homicide? Can genocide be prevented?Blending gripping narrative with trenchant research, Eric Weitz investigates 4 of the 20 th century's significant eruptions of genocide: the Soviet Union below Stalin, Nazi Germany, Cambodia less than the Khmer Rouge, and the previous Yugoslavia. Drawing on ancient assets in addition to trial documents, memoirs, novels, and poems, Weitz explains the superiority of genocide within the 20th century--and indicates how and why it turned so systematic and deadly.Weitz depicts the searing brutality of every genocide and strains its origins again to these strongest different types of the fashionable global: race and state. He demonstrates how, in all the instances, a powerful country pursuing utopia promoted a selected mixture of severe nationwide and racial ideologies. In moments of extreme obstacle, those states unique convinced nationwide and racial teams, believing that purely the annihilation of those "enemies" may permit the dominant crew to flourish. And in every one example, huge segments of the inhabitants have been enticed to affix within the usually ritualistic activities that destroyed their neighbors.This booklet deals the most soaking up debts ever written of the inhabitants purges perpetually linked to the names Stalin, Hitler, Pol Pot, and Milosevic. A arguable and richly textured comparability of those 4 glossy circumstances, it identifies the social and political forces that produce genocide.
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Additional info for A Century of Genocide: Utopias of Race and Nation
Very quickly, in the last two decades of the nineteenth century, Europeans and North Americans divided most of the vast, remaining areas that had lain beyond their formal control. As with the discovery and conquest of the Americas, the motives were varied, from sheer economic greed to lofty impulses to uplift and Christianize other peoples. Certainly, the ﬂurry to establish direct, formal control—in a word, to establish colonies—reﬂected a new, higher level of capitalist development and greater economic and strategic competition among the great powers.
56 Slaves were denied any rights by the framers of the American Constitution. The reason for this blatant violation of the Enlightenment universalism that underlay the hallowed principles of democracy and the selfcreation of a political community had to be located in the body, in the supposedly deﬁcient racial constitution of African-descended populations. Thomas Jefferson, slaveowner and Enlightenment thinker, wrestled with this problem his entire life, giving it various turns. 59 The French revolutionaries, under pressure from slave revolts in the Caribbean, ultimately granted equality to free people of color and then abolished slavery.
Friedrich Schlegel in 1808 drew many of the diverse elements together in his Concerning the Language and Wisdom of the Indians. The roots of classical Mediterranean culture, and its northern European successor, were located in the Indian subcontinent, from where the noble Aryans with their “organic” language, one uniquely suited to higher thoughts and aesthetic beauty, had migrated. In this mythology, the northern forests 34 ■ chapter 1 beckoned the Aryans as Ithaca awaited Odysseus, and they left behind a debased, darker skinned people.
A Century of Genocide: Utopias of Race and Nation by Eric D. Weitz